Как да миете зъбите си с ръчна четка за зъби?
poking girl while washing her teeth

How To Brush Your Teeth With A Hand Toothbrush?

Learning how to brush your teeth properly is the first step to keeping your teeth and gums healthy.

Before you begin

It is best to ask your dentist what kind of brushing I will recommend as there are many different methods. For starters, you need a brush with soft or medium-hard hair and toothpaste.

How often and how to brush your teeth?

Teeth brushing should occur 2-3 times a day. WASHING TECHNIQUE in healthy patients and those with periodontitis is different. What is common is that an effective wash lasts about 5 minutes. Patients with periodontal disease should take 3 minutes to wash the inner surface of the teeth and 2 minutes to the outside.

The brush is placed at an angle of 45 degrees to the surface of the tooth and moves in the direction from the base to the cutting edge. This gives her maximum access to the interdental spaces. We start with a few sweeping movements at the base and "sweep" towards the top. The purpose is to emphasize that part of the tooth surface adjacent to the gum where the plaque is usually collected. The teeth are "brushed" without pressure.

Another technique - vertical movements in the direction from pink to white. Never brush horizontally. It is good to perform rotating movements with a very soft brush on the gums - the so-called. wedding massage.

Rotary-motion washing is recommended for periodontal healthy patients and young people up to the age of 30, as this technique is the most popular and easy to implement.

Between the teeth

Interdental brushes

Periodontitis begins to develop from where the worst hygiene is - these are the interdental spaces. They are cleaned with special interdental brushes once a day. Intermediate brushes have different sizes and the appropriate size and pattern is best determined by your dentist. We clean by placing the brush in the tooth space and moving it back and forth, trying to clean the three surfaces - the two teeth and the gum.

Dental floss

They are recommended for highly compressed teeth, usually for orthodontic defects. They may be on roll or holder, whether or not covered with wax.


Not always expensive brushes are the best choice. The basic rule is to buy brushes from companies that specialize only in the production of toothbrushes. Patients with periodontal disease should take care that the toothbrush is free of silicone and rubber elements in the area of the hair, as they injure the gum and may cause recessions (gum withdrawal and root stripping).


They are of two types - healing and hygienic. Medicinal waters are medicines. They usually contain chlorhexidine and are prescribed by a doctor. They are used for a limited time - usually for 14 to 21 days. Prolonged use is dangerous and can lead to fungus, dry mouth and discoloration of teeth and fillings. Hygienic water is mostly a way of refreshing the breath and is used at the request of the patient.


When overall oral hygiene is at a level, toothpaste is not a big deal. It is important that your teeth are brushed with the right brushing technique for a long enough time. Patients with periodontal disease are advised to use herbal toothpastes. If caries prevention is also necessary, then fluorine-containing pastes are a good option.

Other tips

It is a good idea for the patient to have two different brushes - one in the morning and one in the evening, as well as two or three different toothpastes - for example, a polishing paste in the evening and a whitening in the morning.